Psychology

Important health checks during pregnancy

Important health checks during pregnancy

During pregnancy, which is divided into two groups as low and high risk, some tests are needed especially between the 11th and 35th weeks. We receive information about the subject Emsey Hospital Gynecology and Obstetrics Specialist Op. Dr. Pınar Gökova Azman; "Although pregnancy does not carry a high risk, routine controls are very important for the healthy development of the baby and the health of the mother," he says.At the beginning of pregnancyWhole Blood Count (Hemogram): At the beginning of pregnancy, possible anemia (anemia) is made for the determination of the status of the blood. If the mother has Rh (-) father Rh (+) blood type, it means blood mismatch and indirect Coombs (Blood Mismatch Test) test is applied. The mother needs to see if an antibody has already developed against this condition.Whole Blood Assay: If there are signs of infection, urine culture is possible.TSH: Thyroid functions of the mother are evaluated. Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C: If the mother has hepatitis or infection, it is very important to look at anti HCV and HBSAG to take precautions and treat them.Toxoplasma Ig G - Ig M: Consumption of meat as undercooked or raw meat, the elimination of an infected item such as cat feces, such as passing the infection during pregnancy, can cause serious problems on the baby before this infection has been passed, whether an active infection is determined.Rubella IgG and IGM: Rubella infection during pregnancy can lead to anomalies in the baby and cause miscarriages or deaths.CMV IgG and IGM: Although it is a common cold in the form of a simple cold, although it is inconvenient in pregnancy should be looked after.VDRL: Screening test for syphilis.Week 11 to 14The risk of Down syndrome is very important in determining the risk of other chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus this week. It is also a stimulant in congenital heart diseases.Binary Test: Risk determination test for trisomies. A definitive diagnosis cannot be made, but for those at high risk, it is recommended to take water from the womb called amniocentesis.16 to 20 weeksAs the mothers begin to feel the baby's movements, the increase in the baby's weight gain is also noteworthy. Again during this period, the baby's eyebrows begin to emerge, all five senses continue to develop step by step and a new phase of brain development is entering. 16-20. In the period between weeks, the mother is given a triple test.21 to 22 weeksThe most striking development in the baby is the strengthening of the heart muscle and movements in the womb. The baby's eyelids have formed and are beginning to move their eyelids, hands and feet. During this period, the mother-to-be is applying 2nd Level Scanning Ultrasound. Although it is a test performed in risky pregnancies, it should be performed in all pregnancies if possible.24 to 28 weeksAs the baby's weight gain continues, white blood cells, which are the foundation of the immune system, are beginning to form. The hearing is gaining momentum as the inner ear is fully developed. At the 26th week, the baby's retinal layer develops, eye color begins to form and the skin thickens. At 27th week, while brain development continues rapidly, she can cry and finger sucking can be seen. It is remarkable that by the 28th week, the muscles have completed their development. The baby's hair begins to grow and the body continues to store fat. Gestational DM Screening is required between the 24th and 28th weeks. In this screening, 50 gr sugar loading is done first. If it is high, it is diagnosed by 100 g sugar loading test.After 35 weeks35 weeks in pregnancy, the baby's weight gain comes to the fore, the baby begins to descend to the birth canal. The baby's kidneys are fully formed and the nervous system continues to mature. In this period, according to the complaints of the mothers, it is possible to perform urine analysis and urine culture. In recent weeks, the baby's well-being is evaluated by the so-called NST test. Pelvic examination is performed in order to determine the amount of amion fluid and suitability for normal birth.


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