Nutrition

What does iodine deficiency cause?

What does iodine deficiency cause?

Iodine, which needs to be taken from outside during normal growth and development process, can cause brain damage and mental retardation in its deficiency. Iodine deficiency is also; It causes deafness, dwarfism, goiter and hypothyroidism, developmental delay in school age children, school failure, understanding and learning difficulties, goiter in adults, hypothyroidism, mental problems and weakness, and low, stillbirth, congenital anomaly and guatra in pregnant women.

250 micrograms of iodine required per day!Iodine, which is used in the production of thyroid hormones that play a role in growth and brain development and which should not be taken from the body, is a vital element. The World Health Organization (WHO) Consensus recommends that 90 micrograms of iodine be taken per day for children under 6 years, 120 micrograms per day for children aged 6-12, 150 micrograms per day for adults, and 250 micrograms per day for pregnant and nursing mothers. In our country, element and mineral deficiencies such as iodine deficiency appear as an important public health problem. Especially women, youth and children of childbearing age are affected.“Iodine” supplementation may be required during pregnancy and lactation!Researches; reveals that children born to mothers living in areas with iodine deficiency and who started to receive iodine before the 6th month of pregnancy show better motor and cognitive performance than children of mothers who have received iodine in the last 3 months of pregnancy or children who have received iodine at the age of 2 *. Experts explain how much iodine support should be given during pregnancy and lactation:
  • In mild, moderate iodine deficiency regions; all pregnant women using iodized salt should use 100 micrograms per day and pregnant women whose salt use is not permitted due to medical reasons such as hypertension and toxemia should use 200 micrograms per day.
  • In areas of severe iodine deficiency; All pregnant women using iodized salt should use 200 micrograms per day and pregnant women who are not allowed to use iodized salt for medical reasons should use 300 micrograms per day.
Breastfeeding, the baby's only source of iodine is breast milk is recommended to continue iodine support. For mothers who cannot give milk, the baby should be supported with iodized formulas, and if it gives breast milk, iodine support is definitely recommended for mothers whose iodine intake is restricted because they have hyperthyroidism. Experts remind that iodine deficiency is a 'preventable health problem' and warn mothers about it: indeki Mothers during pregnancy and lactation should consult their physician about iodine supplements against increasing iodine needs. ”* Köksal E. Nutrition and Cognitive Development. T. C. Ministry of Health General Directorate of Primary Health Care Department of Nutrition and Physical Activities 2008 //www.diyabet.gov.tr/content/files/yayinlar/kitablar/besleme_bilgi_serisi_1/a9.pdf Accessed 19.06.2013


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