Sun and vitamin D in children

Sun and vitamin D in children

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The body's vitamin D requirement is largely provided by the sun. Vitamin D is very important for strengthening the bones and especially the teeth. However, children staying in the sun for a long time at noon, when the sun's rays come upright, do harm instead of benefit. German Hospital Specialist for Child Health and Diseases Contact Alper directly It gives information about children and the sun.

: How should children be dressed to benefit from the sun?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Children should be dressed in thin, light colored, breathable and non-perspiring clothing. Clothes that are not closed and leave arms and legs exposed should be preferred. Children should be brought to the sun with a visor hat that protects the face from direct sunlight and should wear good ultraviolet-protected goggles.

: How many hours per day and between which hours should it be sun?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Infants and young children should not be exposed to direct sunlight between 10.00 and 16.00, depending on the local weather conditions. The sun baths should start with five minutes. 10 - 15 minutes sunbathing is useful. Between 12.00 and 15.00, when the sun is very hot, it should not be taken out if possible.

: What should be considered to protect from the sun?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Infants and young children should not be seated directly in the sun. The skin of small children can not tolerate sunlight. The sun's rays are reflected in water and sand, which can burn you and your child even in the shade. Children should therefore be protected from sunlight. First of all, the child's head should be protected with a hat. Since 60 percent of the ultraviolet rays reach the body while swimming, there is a danger of sunburn in the water. Therefore, a water-resistant, at least 30 protection factor (SPF 30) should be applied to a protective cream. Since children's skin is thin and very sensitive, it dries easily. Moisturizing creams should be applied, especially after sun exposure to give the skin moisture loss. Since sweat fluid loss of children will also be high, should be given plenty of liquid against sunstroke. But first of all, babies and children should not be brought to the sun at noon when the sun's rays come upright.

: What are the benefits of vitamin D?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Vitamin D, along with calcium from the intestine, increases the absorption of phosphorus, provides the storage and mobilization of calcium in the bones. Vitamin D increases the mobilization of calcium from the bone when given in high doses and for a short time. Provides sufficient calcium and phosphorus at low doses and prolonged administration and increases bone formation. Rickets occurs in vitamin D deficiency. Rashitzm is defined as the insufficiency of bone tissue mineralization in growing bones. Therefore vitamin D is very important in the development of teeth and bone.

: What ways should vitamin D be given?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Vitamin D is synthesized in the skin by direct sunlight and is taken with foods. However, rashitzm can easily develop if babies who cannot make their own vitamin D are not given additional vitamin D externally because they do not see enough sunlight. Since the babies of the women who are very covered with premature babies or who give birth frequently, will be born with insufficient vitamin D stores, these babies will have more vitamin D requirements. These babies should be given additional vitamin D.

: Which foods are vitamin D available?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Vitamin D is found mainly in animal foods. Margarine, butter, milk, cheese, fish and liver are the main sources of vitamin D. Vitamin D is also found in plants in the form of vitamin D2. However, only vitamin D3 taken from animal foods is stored in the body.

: Should vitamin D needles or pills be given?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Breast-fed infants should be given 400 units of vitamin D daily in the first year. Vitamin D can be selected from the form of drops, syrups or tablets to meet daily needs. If rickets is diagnosed, it should be administered orally or intramuscularly, taking into account the mode of administration, the cause of vitamin D deficiency and the socio - cultural status of the family.

: What diseases does vitamin D deficiency cause?
Dr. Contact Alper directly Many systems are affected in rashitzime caused by vitamin D deficiency. Rickets is a variety of deformities in the bones due to bone weakness, age of the child and different bones with different growth rates. One of the earliest findings is a general softening of the skull bones. The ligament is large and closure may be delayed until after two years. In long-term rickets, the softness of the skull bones can lead to permanent deformities of the head. Sweating in particular is one of the remarkable findings. The enamel layer of the teeth is irregular, there are many decayed teeth, and permanent teeth may be delayed. After one year of age, the growth of the legs is accelerated and deformities of the lower extremities become apparent with the effect of body weight. Since muscle weakness occurs in children with rashitz, in severe cases children may also be delayed in standing and walking.

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