Does Thyroid Disease Cause Infertility?

Does Thyroid Disease Cause Infertility?

Thyroid, covering your trachea, Weighing 15 to 20 grams and 2 cm in length is a diaper. It is similar to the butterfly shape because it consists of two parts. These are called right thyroid and left thyroid. It plays a major role in the proper development, growth and even repair of abnormal complications in our body. The place called Adam's apple among the people is exactly where the thyroids are located. These glands, T3 and T4 hormones secrete into the blood and it helps the other hormones in our body to work in a balanced way. These hormones also have an effect on cells. If your thyroids cannot secrete enough hormones or over-secrete, they will adversely affect the systematic and regular functioning of your organs. The reproductive system is one of our systems affected by the abnormal functioning of the thyroid. For this reason, the question of whether the thyroid makes vicious has been a subject that many people wonder.

What are thyroid disorders?

Iodine Deficiency

This deficiency is the biggest cause of goiter. Iodine provides the formation of thyroid hormone. The thyroid of the person who does not get enough iodine does not work and this causes the gland to grow. As the soil of our country is poor in iodine, our salts are iodized. However, goiter is a common disease in our country.


Thyroid gland hormones work fast and there are more thyroid hormones in the blood than the body needs. hyperthyroidism It called.

More hormone secretion than necessary, the body's balance is disrupted. Reproductive system is one of the first affected. In this case, unusual ovulation may occur in women, leading to irregular menstruation. Hyperthyroidism usually manifests itself in the following ways;

  • Sweating on hands
  • Heart palpitations
  • Intolerance to heat
  • Fast weight loss
  • Depression
  • Slimming in memory
  • Deterioration of intestines
  • Less or lighter menstruation
  • Thinning and shedding of strands

I Hiportiroi

It is caused by inflammation of the thyroid gland and therefore the gland starts to work less. Consequently, an adequate amount of hormones cannot be produced and the body cannot flow. Decreasing these levels may reduce fertility and negatively affect ovaries producing eggs. Since there is no regular ovulation, eggs that can be fertilized by a sperm are often not released. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are;

  • Inability to go to the toilet
  • Fatigue and fatigue
  • Feeling of hunger
  • Weight loss
  • Hands, feet are constantly cold and constantly feeling cold.

Does Thyroid Problem Improve Infertility?

When the thyroid gland begins to grow, it is called goiter and infertility can be seen as. Round inside nodule is called. Although this disease is common in women, it can also lead to infertility in men. Most women do not know that they need healthy thyroids to become pregnant, maintain their pregnancy and maintain their fertility. Goiter makes infertility? In order to answer this question, it is important to know how our bodies work. The relationship between the brain and ovaries of women and the brain and testes of men has been established by experts.

Therefore, the increase or decrease of thyroid hormone negatively affects the egg mechanism of women and sperm production in men.

The decrease in the quality of sperm and eggs and the decrease in the number make it difficult to get pregnant. Although there is a regular relationship for 1 year, women who cannot get pregnant, who have miscarriages, who do not have regular menstruation during this period or who have genetically thyroid problems in the family should have their hormone values ​​checked. Any impairment in values ​​is one of the most important reasons to prevent pregnancy.

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Age rangeNormalLowHigh
18 - 29 years old0.4 to 2.34 mU / L<0.4 mU / L> 4.5 mU / L
30 - 49 years old0.4 - 4.0 mU / L<0.4 mU / L> 4.1 mU / L
50 - 79 years0.46 - 4.68 mU / L<0.46 mU / L> 4.7 - 7.0 mU / L

A higher value indicates that your thyroid is slow and a low value indicates that it is fast. Having a regular test is important to keep a close eye on your health and help you eliminate potential bad consequences.

How should a couple who want to be a parent should follow a treatment?

You don't have to be scared! If you start the right treatment healthy functioning of your reproductive system you can have the chance to repair your fertility and become a parent. Women who cannot have children due to goiter TSH - T3 - T4 to see an endocrinologist for hormone testing. During the examination, the thyroid gland is examined according to the size of the nodule and the type of the nodule and the treatment line is determined according to the cause of the goiter. Blood tests and ultrasound are sufficient for the diagnosis. Regular follow-up can be performed if you have already caught the disease before progression, or if the nodules are benign, soft and not growing. Knowing that this very common disease will be prevented most of the time without surgery, even just medication and observation will reduce your anxiety. The treatment methods that can be applied are as follows:


In cases where the hormone is high, drugs are used to balance these hormones. Same way deficiency in hormone production hormone drugs are given.

Radioactive Iodine Treatment

Radioactive iodine therapy is a method used in the treatment of over-working hormones. It is administered orally without the need for hospitalization and is held by thyroid cells. The radioactivity contained in the glands causes the death of harmful cells and the loss of the ability to produce unnecessary hormones. inhibition of growth functions it causes. It is very unlikely that this condition will reappear as a result of treatment with this method.

Surgical treatment

Surgical treatment is decided according to the pathology result of the part taken from the nodule.

  • Growth cannot be stopped with medication and other treatments
  • Looks larger than 3 cm
  • If the hormone level cannot be lowered
  • Swallowing problems while eating
  • If the tissue is hard or bloody
  • If an important diagnosis, such as thyroid cancer, is made, surgery can remove some or all of the thyroid.

Natural Ways

Although some thyroid disorders develop out of control, a healthy diet that contains vitamins and minerals to make it healthy can help cure the disease. Researches iodine, iron, vitamin A and zinc It has been found that thyroid is an important contributor to the healthy functioning of pregnant women and non-pregnant women. If you have hypothyroidism, do not forget to exercise regularly for your metabolism to work.

Can You Stay Pregnant as a Result of Treatments?

We have given more or less the answer to the question whether the thyroid makes vicious. The irregular functioning of the thyroid glands reduces the likelihood of getting pregnant unless you start treatment. Therefore, it is more important than you think to eliminate this problem before you decide to get pregnant. If you are examined by an endocrinologist, use the necessary medicines regularly and follow your doctor's care, you can have children in a short time. Returning to normal values ​​means eliminating risks.

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