Pregnancy is the length of time a baby grows and develops in the womb until the baby is born, and the experience of pregnancy differs from woman to woman.
This period is very fast, comfortable and smooth for some mothers, while for some mothers long and some health problems as a period can be encountered.
Pregnancy has many surprises for both mother and baby 🙂
As a result of environmental or genetic factors, you may experience hormonal changes Depending on the various troubles that your body may show may also be possible in this process.
High blood pressure, diabetes, urinary system diseases and various infections are the most important problems that pregnant women may encounter while waiting for their baby.preeclampsia This is a disease in the list and the mother and the baby's health can pose a life-threatening risk.
So what is preeclampsia? What are the symptoms and causes? How to treat?
What is Pregnancy Poisoning (Preeclampsia)?
In public 'pregnancy poisoningThis disease is known as 'preeclampsia', but has nothing to do with normal poisoning.
Well What is preeclampsia?Preeclampsia; especially after the 20th week of pregnancy, which may occur after the baby's uterus in the uterine bed of the narrowing of the vessels or as a result of excessive narrowing of the structure of the vessels inadequate blood and nutrient transmission, consequently, clotting problem occurs and premature separation of placenta.
The most prominent features of the occurrence of preeclampsia are the increase in the blood pressure of the pregnant woman and the increase in the amount of protein in urine.
There are different types of pregnancy poisoning depending on the effects and symptoms:
Mother's blood pressure in mild preeclampsia 140/90 mmHg and on it.
Urine excretion daily The amount of protein is 300 mg and above.
If the disease is diagnosed mildly, blood pressure is tried to be controlled with some drugs and the patient is kept under control.
Most of the pregnant women with mild preeclampsia can achieve a healthy birth and complete their pregnancy.
Mother's blood pressure in severe preeclampsia 160/110 mmHg measured on.
Urine the amount of protein 2 grams per day and above.
Apart from these symptoms, different severe symptoms may occur. Loss of consciousness, epileptic seizures can be seen. This type of poisoning is very rare. However, urgent intervention is necessary to prevent the life of the mother and the baby.
Occurring in pregnancy 75% of preeclampsia is mild and 25% severe consists of.
What are the Symptoms of Pregnancy Poisoning (Preeclampsia)?
Pregnancy poisoning may not be recognized. Because there is no clear sign of this disease.
Most of the findings are similar to normal pregnancy findings, and expectant mothers may not understand them. It is possible that the disease can be diagnosed during a routine control without any symptoms.
In the light of all this information Symptoms of pregnancy poisoning, manifests itself with some differences.
- Less urination
- High amount of protein in urine
- Long-term and severe headache
- Abdominal pain
- Sudden visual disturbances
- Edema in the body
(Edema is a common problem that may occur in the late stages of pregnancy. However, in preeclampsia, the fluid in the veins begins to accumulate out of the vein. Therefore, swelling is seen especially on the hands, feet and face. fingerprint and not returning to it immediately may indicate preeclampsia.)
- Decrease and slow down the baby's movements
- Loss of consciousness
The expectant mother may have one or more of these symptoms and may have the disease without any complaints. Therefore, routine controls should be given importance and blood pressure should be measured regularly.
Loss of consciousness or seizure indicates that pregnancy poisoning is progressing and you should go to a health facility without delay.
Causes Pregnancy Poisoning?By Experts preeclampsia no definite information about why it occurred. However, the placenta and the vessels that feed it are the main reasons for the development of this disease.
As the pregnancy progresses and the baby begins to grow, the amount of blood and nutrients needed by the placenta increases.
Depending on this requirement, the vessels feeding the placenta begin to expand. However, when pregnancy poisoning occurs, it is necessary for the placenta to provision of blood and nutrients not possible.
While the development of the unborn baby is affected negatively by this condition, various complications occur in the mother.
Pregnancy poisoning reasons,
- Contraction of the vessels feeding the placenta
- Deterioration and damage to the structure of blood vessels
- Diseases caused by the mother's immune system (thyroid diseases, autoimmune diseases).
Who is in Risk Group in Pregnancy Poisoning?
Pregnancy poisoning is a condition that occurs in approximately 6-8% of all pregnant women. However, certain groups are at greater risk of preeclampsia.
- Those with hypertension (high blood pressure) before conception
- Those with pregnancy sugar
- Overweight problems (obese)
- Diabetic patients
- Pregnant women before the age of 20 (early pregnancies)
- Pregnant women after the age of 40 (late pregnancies)
- First pregnancy
- Four or more births
- Multiple pregnancy (twins, triplets, etc.)
- Patients with chronic kidney disease
- Preeclampsia in previous pregnancy
- Preeclampsia in the family
- Blood clotting problems
- People with a lupus-like autoimmune disease are at risk.
Pregnancy Poisoning (Preeclampsia) Treatment
Pregnant mothers who are diagnosed with poisoning experience curiosity and concern about the treatment of the disease. There is no clear treatment for preeclampsia. Different methods can be applied according to the type of disease.In mild preeclampsia Mothers are given blood pressure lowering drugs to control high blood pressure. Mother and baby are examined regularly. If there is no serious development that may adversely affect the baby's development, pregnancy is continued.
Some supplements such as magnesium may also be given to the mother.In severe preeclampsia, serious situations can occur, which can result in the death of the mother or the baby. When the baby stops feeding from the placenta, the transport of blood and oxygen may stop and cause sudden infant death.
As the platelets are damaged, the mother may have a clotting problem and this may cause the mother to die. Severe to avoid such events preeclampsia When symptoms occur, the treatment is to deliver the baby.
If the baby is able to live outside the uterus, birth is carried out without losing time and symptoms are eliminated.