Baby Development

The importance of music in baby development

The importance of music in baby development

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Many studies have shown that music is very important for baby development since pregnancy. Clinical psychologist İrem Alişanoğlu Polat explains the connection between baby development and music.

What are the benefits of listening to music during pregnancy for the mother and the baby?

Scientific studies show that listening to music in the right rhythm during pregnancy affects the social, physical, mental and emotional development of the baby positively. Music playback during pregnancy also allows prenatal learning. Babies react to sounds other than the usual sounds even in the womb. There are scientific studies showing that the baby can receive information and respond from the environment during the prenatal period. It was found that very loud sounds accelerate the heartbeat of the fetus in the womb, and unlike some sounds, it causes short-term slowing of the heart beat of the fetus. The rhythm has a calming feature. The most basic rhythm in the womb is the mother's heartbeat. It is predicted that these heartbeats calm the baby and that even after the birth, the mother's desire to be close to the heartbeat may be caused by this desire for emotion regulation. Quiet music allows the baby to be a peaceful baby. The mother can also get away from the stress of daily life with a peaceful and relaxing music. Both the mother and the baby are able to regulate their own emotional state with proper music. While listening to music, focusing on the mother's baby in the womb, accompanying the music to the process will allow the foundation of the bond between mother and baby. Music is the way of communication and interaction between the parent and the unborn baby.

How can there be differences between infants who listen to music in the womb and those who do not?

It was observed that music played during pregnancy accelerated the development of infants and alleviated some developmental disorders. In one study, babies who listen to music in the womb and who do not, are examined after birth. It has been observed that babies who listen to music while they are in the womb can be faster in areas such as eye follow-up, motor control and coordination, and attention to sounds.

What kind of music should babies have to play first?

Unborn babies begin to hear at the 16th week. Around the 24th week they begin to hear, interpret and record sounds in the outside world. Around 32 weeks, when they hear the voices they have heard before, they may start to remember and react to that voice. This shows that music affects the development of the baby. It is important that the music played to babies during pregnancy is composed of soft melodies with calm rhythm, soothing and tranquility. It is known that excessive and mixed sounds can make babies uncomfortable and restless. The babies in the womb are accustomed to the sounds of the intestines and some humming sounds from the outside in the heartbeat that throws 70 to 100 into the uterus. Therefore, it will be effective that the music played to the babies in the womb is composed of rhythms as if they were heart beats in the uterus. It is known that classical music meets these needs and dynamics. In this process, Beethoven, Bach, Mozart, Mevlevi music will be appropriate to play.

How does listening to music support the mental development of babies?

Recent research has shown that music influences the physical, emotional and intellectual development of infants and children and enhances cognitive and sensory development. The positive impact of music on babies and children is surprisingly diverse and encourages babies to develop in both their mental and physical fields. Playing music for babies can activate the nerve pathways responsible for many skills, increase general skills such as creativity, or more specific skills such as spatial intelligence. For example, one study found that using music to help 3-month-old babies remember what they have learned is important in the learning process and helps to remember. Another study conducted in California found that kindergarten children had a 34% better success rate in completing the riddle given to children who had a piano lesson than children with a computer. In another scientific study, he found that the first year students who had received intensive music education showed significant progress in mathematics compared to their classmates who had a standard music education. Scientists believe that the connection between music and mathematics is partly due to the fact that music helps children understand mathematical concepts.

How do you define the link between lullabies and babies' sleep time?

It is a known fact that lullabies help babies sleep. A recent study revealed that lullabies have the effect of alleviating pain and anxiety in infants and children. The caregiver's voice has the power to soothe and calm the baby from the beginning. The baby is familiar with her mother's voice since the time she was in her mother's womb, and the voice was familiar to her. As she grows, she will relate the caregiver's singing to calmness and sleep time. Lullabies reduce the anxiety of babies and children, allow them to regulate their moods, calm down and allow them to feel safe. Thus, the necessary arrangement for the transition to sleep is provided. Singing a lullaby, on the other hand, is a great form of attachment.

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