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Social phobia, which is a problem for many people, can occur at an early age. Dr. Mehmet Yavuz, the founder of Reem Neuropsychiatry Center, makes explanations about social phobia, which is common in children who are bored in school life, who do not like to connect with their environment, and who are vicious and have excessive family pressure.
When Does Social Phobia And Fear Start In Children?
“Social phobia is a state of fear of being embarrassed, of being disapproved, of being ridiculed.
The sense of fear begins from the 4th month of infancy. But fear should not be confused with phobia. In order to call a fear phobia, there must be avoidance behavior along with fear.
Social phobia is considered in anxiety disorders. Although it is generally common between the ages of 13-24, it is known that it is seen frequently in childhood and it continues in later years.
Each one of us is born with a natural temperament. Temperament is a long-lasting and durable internal experience that significantly affects all aspects of one's behavior and understanding of the world and human relationships.
Some babies are very prone to communicate, while some babies cry very quickly and get cranky. Mostly, they carry these characteristics to adulthood. Children may not be able to name this distress exactly. Therefore, they make us feel that they are having trouble with various expressions.
Anxiety, crying, restlessness, stagnation of gaze, hugging the mother, father or anyone they trust are some of the behaviors of children. It is important to keep in mind that your child may be experiencing social anxiety if you do not suspect any illness, side effects of the medication and complaints last for more than 6 months ”
What Symptoms Does Social Phobia Have in Children?
Shaking hands, sweating, stuttering, inability to communicate with the eye, heart beating too fast, flushing of the face are symptoms of anxiety that can be easily detected by others. They constantly escape from social environments. They exhibit restless behaviors and often make excuses that they are uncomfortable. The risk of social phobia should be investigated in a child with sudden stuttering. Stuttering that develops as a result of social phobia behaviors may cause social phobia to become more severe. The person experiencing social phobia has a high tendency to show these behavioral symptoms. The presence of symptoms such as stuttering causes the child to experience more stress.
This situation can also be seen in shy children. But it is not right to say that a timid or shy child will experience social phobia in the future. Some children may be more introverted, less aggressive or more passive than their peers with other characteristics in line with their innate personality traits.
How Does Social Phobia Affect School Children?
School age children living in social phobia exhibit a number of common behaviors. Failure to easily separate from a parent is one of these indicators. Of course, there are several reasons why the child cannot be separated from the parent who brought him / her to school. If the child is deceived by telling various lies and promises are not fulfilled, the child may not want to leave the parents. Children who tend to experience social phobia often escape from crowded places until school age. Together with the school, this situation disappears.
Therefore, this situation can cause unrest in the child. In fact, school period is a process that provides positive developments and contributions in the treatment of a child who has a tendency to social phobia.
What is the School Success of Children with Social Phobia?
- Children who are likely to experience social phobia are very quiet in class.
- They are loved by their teachers with their quiet and calm attitude.
-In situations where social phobia is excessive, they may not be able to answer these questions when asked.
- They may start to worry about the weeks they need to perform at school. This situation causes them not to express themselves and reduces their academic success.
- It is very difficult for them to go to the playground, meet at their friends' house and invite their friends to a place.
How Can Trainers Recognize a Child with Social Phobia?
If she is shy, blushed as she speaks, is afraid of being mocked in the class, and panicking, this is a harbinger of social dysfunction, which will continue in later years. If the phobic abstinence of the child cannot be determined by the teacher, it can be thought that the academic achievement is low and he / she has low IQ problem. After completing compulsory education, school absenteeism may occur.
What is the difference between a timid temperament and a child with social phobia?
Shy children do not exhibit avoidance behavior. The withdrawn children enjoy being with others even though they do not engage in too many personal relationships in their environment. They may not be able to start a conversation themselves, but when someone asks them something, they respond, and they are even happy to be asked. They don't want to take a word in the classroom when they're not sure, but when they're sure, they don't hesitate to attend, and they can answer when their teachers ask questions. Shy children may be more active by removing this passivity from them later in life.
What Problems Do Children Have in Advancing Social Phobia?
Any object or object phobia, agorophobia, major depression, excessive alcohol or substance abuse, and addiction are disorders in addition to social phobia, which occurs in approximately 70-80% of those experiencing social phobia.
What are the effects of parents on social phobia?
Parents or other caregivers have a high share in children's social phobia. Children who have been subjected to harsh behavior by their families from a very young age experience a psychosocial crisis. Parents should approach their children very well. In addition to excessive pressure and discipline, overprotection can adversely affect the development of the child's self-confidence, leading to social phobia.
What are your suggestions to parents?
-Mother and father should change their attitudes and approaches to their children and get professional help.
-Children who have difficulty in socializing should generally be given a task and encouraged.
- Children can be directed to various activity centers where they can socialize. In this way, they can be more social by moving away from the family. But no coercion should be made. In order to make the situation more difficult, expert advice should be made by listening.
What is the Treatment Process?
With the help of the expert and the help of the family, it is possible to perform treatment with play therapy in children and to focus on the problem with various symbols. In this way, the fear, anxiety and escape feelings experienced by the child are overcome by controlled therapies.