If children do not grow up healthy, what problems can arise in the following years?
Nutrition of the child in the first two years is very important for growth. The child's having any nutritional problems can affect his or her final height and health. When this point is not taken into consideration, nutritional deficiencies may occur in children, and children may become fat due to excess carbohydrate intake. In addition, potential problems that may lead to growth retardation, such as important heart or lung diseases, such as disrupting the oxygenation of the blood, problems with the immune system (very frequent and severe infections), diseases that affect the absorption of nutrients from the digestive system can be considered. Tonsils have become the focus of chronic infection, due to infections during the year, children who have to take antibiotics too often grows. In cases of unrecognized kidney failure, children have growth retardation. Another important problem that should not be forgotten is dental caries. Dental caries, which are sometimes underestimated, are among the points to be considered in terms of growth.
How much and which of the growth disorders are genetic?
Every disease and physical feature has a genetic cause. The child's height and weight are influenced by the genetic background from his parents. Two important factors are mentioned when considering growth.
The first of these factors is thought to have the potential to grow in length due to the genes inherited from the parents. The second factor affecting growth is environmental factors. For example, while a very tall mother and father grow up at the expected growth percentile at the beginning, the nutritional problem or some of the illnesses it causes cannot reach the growth rate of its genetic potential. On the other hand, it is more likely that children who are doing sports in harmony with their age and who are fed healthy will be able to use the potential from these genes. Genetic disorders that seriously affect growth include chromosomal disorders (eg Turner's Syndrome), thyroid gland activity and growth hormone deficiency. In such cases, the child needs to be evaluated by a geneticist.
o Ask pediatricians to provide information about growth.
o If children are observing a problem in the growth process,
o Discuss solutions with your physician.
o How long does your child wear clothes that vary in size such as shoes and trousers?
Notice that you have changed it. For example, a child can wear the same pants for two years.
Remember that if it is wearing, there may be a problem in its growth.
o Keeping your children in contact with other children,
Don't compare it. But if there are obvious differences, do not hesitate to consult your physician.
WHAT IS GROWTH CARDS?
In general, healthy growth of the body under normal conditions means that the height and weight progress in parallel. These ratios are compared on growth cards. If the growth of 5 to 95% percentile for the same age and sex is consistent with genetic potential, it is considered normal. For example, if a four-year-old boy is in the 50th percentile in height; children in their age group have been included in the average height. The fact that another child of the same age is in the fifth percentile means that 95% of children in the same age group are taller than this child. In other words, the child is in the shortest 5% of children of the same age group.
Growth cards are also actively used in ASM. Whether or not growth is a problem for every child examined, growth cards are filled in and families are informed.