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Rota virus is a virus that affects millions of children every year around the world. Rota virus is known to be the biggest factor in the development of childhood diarrhea. It is now possible to prevent rotavirus diarrhea, which is easily transmitted and causes serious deaths in developing countries, by vaccination. Studies show that the vaccine reduces rotavirus cases by 74 percent. Sema Hospital Pediatrics Specialist Dr. Hamza Yazgan and Child Health and Diseases Specialist Member of the American Academy of Pediatrics. View Hayriye's Full Profile tells the curious about the subject.
Rota virus settles into the small intestine, causing discomfort. Very severe diarrhea and vomiting caused by route virus infections, causing loss of fluid in the body. Severe fluid loss can cause kidney failure and even death. Sema Hospital Pediatrics Specialist Hamza Yazgan, “Route virus diarrhea is most common in winter. Although it can be seen in any age group, it mostly affects children between 4-24 months. Rota virus infection is particularly common in children who cannot eat well. Erek The route says, “The route virus is transmitted through respiration and consumption of feces contaminated water and food. The virus spreads easily in the body as a result of the body's loss of fluid, and quickly acts with dizziness, fever and nausea in children. ”
Most viewed in December
10-20 percent of diarrhea in babies all over the world develops due to rotavirus. In Turkey, 16.6 percent. Dr. Hayriye Aygar says: rot Rotavirus infections are the most common hospitalizations due to severe diarrhea and vomiting due to fluid loss. In our country, it is generally seen most frequently in December in winter. Nearly every child is infected by the age of 3 years. Newborns and infants under 3 months are protected from infection by antibodies passed from the mother. Therefore, the first infection occurs in infants aged 3 to 36 months. The probability of recurrence is common and tends to be milder than the initial infection. Infants usually become immune after 1 to 3 rotavirus infections. ”
Outbreaks can be encountered
Diarrhea may last up to a week. In immunocompromised patients, the disease may be longer and more severe. Newborns and infants can survive the disease milder due to antibodies passed through breast milk. “Rota virus diarrhea can be seen as outbreaks in nursery and schools where children live collectively. En Dr. Hamza Yazgan, tedavi The main purpose of treatment is to prevent fluid loss and to return the lost fluid to the child. For this purpose, it is useful to give the child plenty of liquid foods. Breastmilk should be continued in children who are fed with breast milk, low-fat foods should be preferred in children who are fed normally.
The Most Effective Way of Protection: Vaccine
The vaccine against rotavirus was started to be used in 2007 in our country. The efficacy and safety of these vaccines have been evaluated by extensive studies in approximately 130,000 infants. As a result, the rotavirus vaccine is included in the national vaccination program in many countries. Studies have shown that vaccines reduce rotavirus cases by 74 percent, severe cases by 98 percent, and hospitalizations by 96 percent. The mortality rate in children under 5 years of age is reduced by 2/3. Dr. Hayriye Aygar, He says: ilk The first dose of the vaccine is started at 6-12 weeks of age. Subsequent doses are administered orally in 2 or 3 doses with an interval of 4-10 weeks. Vaccination should be completed before 6 months of age. There is no harm in administering it with other vaccines. ”
Even if the child has not been vaccinated, general hygiene rules reduce contamination. These measures can be listed as follows:
• To prevent outbreaks in nurseries, washing surfaces with soap water and wiping with 70 percent ethanol solution helps limit the transmission of the disease.
• Avoid contact with sick children with other children.
Dr. Finally, Aygar warns the parents: ilaç Medications should not be used to stop diarrhea. If the loss of fluid from the mouth cannot be met, keep in mind that serum treatment is required in the hospital if there are signs of dehydration such as dry tongue and mouth, increased heart rate, rapid breathing. ”