As the living conditions changed, women's opinions about the age of being a mother changed. The increase in the number of women who give priority to their careers has increased the age of being a mother. While 15 to 20 years ago, most women became mothers by the age of 30, while many women now want to have children after the age of 35. But there are dangers for both mother and baby. VKV American Hospital Specialist in Women's Health Unit. Senai AKSOY describes the dangers of advanced age pregnancy for mother and baby.
In the past, being an older mother was a definition used for women who had children after the age of 30. Today, this age limit is 35. This is not a very wrong determination. In medical circles, the term yaş old age kadınlar is used for women who become pregnant and become mothers after 35 years of age.
Increased chronic diseases
The age of the mother being 35 and over brings some dangers for both mother and baby. The incidence of chronic diseases increases in mothers who are defined as advanced age group. These include high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes (diabetes). At this age, hypertension is seen 2 to 4 times more frequently than early pregnant women. One of the hazards for both the mother and the baby is chronic hypertension, which has been present for a long time and has caused vascular damage. However, the main danger is superemposed preeclampsia (developed on the basis of chronic hypertension) which is likely to occur in the mother as a result of chronic hypertension.
Other conditions that adversely affect the pregnancy include cardiovascular disease, neurological diseases, kidney, liver, lung and connective tissue diseases, and more frequent cancer.
Pregnancy and birth hazards
Chromosomal abnormalities such as down syndrome, mongolism, are among the most common problems in advanced pregnancy. Since Mongolism is a serious social health problem, it is recommended that amniocentesis (taking water from the uterus) should be performed especially in older pregnancies. Another risk in advanced pregnancy is low.
In addition, decreased mobility in the tubes and previous pelvic infections increase the risk of ectopic pregnancy due to age. The possibility of premature delivery and intrauterine growth retardation are among the dangers posed by advancing age.
The frequency of early separation of the placenta and the leading of the placenta, especially in the third stage of pregnancy, also leads to an increase in bleeding.
Baby and birth hazards
In advanced age pregnancies, the mother's chronic diseases, intrauterine growth retardation, preeclampsia, fetal distress due to impaired placental function (the situation where the fetus is under stress and self-sufficient efforts to resolve the condition) and fetal and neonatal asphyxia (oxygen deficiency) dysfunction or death of the baby. Pregnant mothers who have had their first pregnancy at an advanced age take longer to complete all stages of labor than younger pregnant women. In addition, the frequency of large infants in pregnant women and the risk of shoulder shoulders increase at birth.