Drinking tea and coffee is a great pleasure for many people in our country; indispensable habit for some. To stay fit, to keep energy high or just to have a pleasant conversation with coffee and tea we drink almost every day, because of the caffeine contained in it should not forget the serious harm. Have you ever thought that excess caffeine, especially during pregnancy, can have irreversible consequences for your baby's health? Memorial Ataşehir Hospital Head of Obstetrics and Gynecology Department. Dr. Sedat Kadanalı; caffeine, the negative effects of the pregnancy process, and gave information about the measures to eliminate these negative effects.
Caffeine passes to the baby
Caffeine is a substance found in the seeds and leaves of at least 63 plants in nature. Almost every day tea, coffee, cola is a substance that everyone consumes with drinks such as. Caffeine consumption is taken deliberately or unintentionally through drinks and foods by the mothers during pregnancy. When caffeine is taken with drinks, it passes quickly to the body and goes to the baby through the placenta. When 200 mg of caffeine is taken into the body, the flow in the placenta that sends blood to the baby decreases by 25% and caffeine passes to the baby. The danger that should not be ignored by the expectant mother begins here. The metabolism, which causes caffeine breakdown, is not present in the baby and placenta. Therefore, caffeine, which cannot be destroyed, can be found in higher levels in the baby. Metabolic properties of mother; caffeine metabolism can be affected by genetic and environmental factors (such as nicotine) and may show individual differences. A mother who quickly metabolizes and breaks caffeine and a mother who metabolizes late, even if they receive the same amount of caffeine, the amount of caffeine passed to their baby is different.
Every milligram of caffeine steals your baby's weight
It is known that infants of mothers who take caffeine for a long time have growth retardation. How the amount of caffeine taken affects baby development is a difficult question to answer. Your mother's; The fact that individual, metabolic, environmental and genetic factors are variable makes it difficult to give a clear answer.
According to the results of a scientific study published on the subject; When 200 mg caffeine is taken per day, the decrease in baby weight is 60-70 g. In the same study, 300 mg caffeine daily before pregnancy; however, weights of mothers who reduced this amount to 50 mg per day during pregnancy and babies of mothers who continued caffeine intake at 300 mg were compared. Caffeine intake of 160 gr. decreased. Another prominent data is that as caffeine intake increases proportionally, growth retardation in the baby increases; that is, each mg of caffeine has a negative effect on baby development.
Two enemies of the baby's healthy development: alcohol and caffeine
Caffeine intake has a developmental delay in infants similar to alcohol intake; even taking both of them together increases this negative effect. The amount of nicotine in the body also exacerbates the negative effects of caffeine on the baby. (Nicotine amount is known to be directly related to smoking.) In our society, smoking and tea and coffee are often consumed together; this is a point that should be considered by prospective mothers; because they may be at risk of affecting the development of their babies.
Impairs iron absorption
As it is known during pregnancy, the need for iron increases. One of the negative effects of caffeine arises here; This is because it disrupts iron absorption up to 40% during pregnancy. In short, a mother; In order to meet the need for iron, the benefit of food and medicines containing iron is prevented due to the caffeine consumed.
Unknown face of tea, chocolate and acidic beverages
Contrary to popular belief, coffee is not the only culprit for caffeine intake. Caffeine taken daily provides only 20-40% of the coffee. Especially in our country, tea seems to be one of the most innocent criminals. Tea I; Caffeinated soft drinks such as chocolate and cola are followed by 10-50 mg caffeine in 60 grams.
Green tea is not innocent either
It seems to be the best way to look at the caffeine content of the food and drinks we consume daily. This way allows us to learn the amount of caffeine in drinks and foods that we do not expect. For example; “Black tea has caffeine; Let me drink green tea instead. çoğu Many people do not know that green tea also contains a considerable amount of caffeine. From this point of view, each expectant mother should review her eating and drinking habits and become aware of the amount of caffeine she is taking daily. When the mother expects to conceive, she should remove caffeine from her diet, if at all possible, or at least cut it in half. In the United Kingdom and the United States, women are advised to keep daily caffeine intake below 300 mg when planning a pregnancy and during pregnancy.
As a result, caffeine; It is a substance that causes developmental delay in the infant during pregnancy and reinforces the negative effect seen in the infant by increasing the amount of consumption. Caffeine before and during pregnancy, by recognizing which foods and drinks you take in your diet; Consuming the lowest amount of caffeine as possible and making adjustments on these habits during pregnancy will have a positive impact on your baby's development.