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Pregnancy is one of the most special periods in a woman's life. The woman, who has the excitement of the days when she becomes a mother, also has concerns about her baby. We have compiled the most frequently asked questions in the minds of mothers during pregnancy. Ferti - Jin Women's Health Center Op. Dr. Murat Taşdemir replied to you.
: How is the estimated date of birth calculated?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:Pregnancy is 40 weeks after the last menstrual period. If you add 7 days to your last menstrual period and go back 3 months, the estimated date of birth may be found. The estimated date of birth of a pregnant woman whose last menstrual date is March 5, 2001 is December 12, 2001. However, it is difficult to predict when ovulation and fertilization occurs in patients with irregular menstruation. The size of the pregnancy and the estimated date of birth are not determined by the last menstrual period but by ultrasonographic measurements.
: When is the baby's heartbeat heard for the first time?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:The first heartbeat of the baby starts to be heard between the 10th and 12th weeks. Your doctor can listen to your baby's heartbeat with a Doppler device or doppler ultrasound.
: What are the findings of the abortion?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:Vaginal bleeding and subsequent cramps in the groin may be a harbinger of miscarriage. Prolonged bleeding and cramps often result in miscarriage. If these findings are detected, you should consult your doctor immediately. Rest and medication prescribed by your doctor can prevent miscarriage.
: Is it possible to have a miscarriage again if the first pregnancy results in miscarriage?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:20% of pregnancies result in miscarriage. Abortions seen in the early stages of pregnancy are usually due to genetic disorders and it is not possible to prevent them. In addition, some infections, progesterone hormone deficiency and immune system disorders can cause miscarriage. Necessary investigations should be made to the people who have ended the previous pregnancy and pregnant women should be under the control of the doctor during their pregnancy.
: Does the mother's blood type be negative for RH?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:Blood mismatch can be seen if a woman whose blood type is Rh negative is married to a man whose blood type is Rh positive and carries a RH positive baby. If RH positive blood is mixed into the bloodstream of a pregnant woman whose blood type is RH negative, the immune system is stimulated and the antibodies formed pass into the placenta. Damages the baby in existing pregnancy and subsequent pregnancies. To prevent this, pregnant women are given immunoglobulin preparation called RhoGAM at 28 weeks. RhoGAM should be applied to abortions in order to be healthy in subsequent pregnancies.
: When does nausea in pregnancy stop?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:Nausea that starts in the 8th week of pregnancy can last up to 16 weeks. Nausea due to rising beta - HCG hormone is more common in multiple pregnancies. Nausea that can be prevented by frequent and low food is an indicator of a healthy pregnancy.
: How many pounds should be taken during pregnancy?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:It is healthy to take 8 - 10 kg during the whole pregnancy. The first three months are approximately 2 kilograms. Women who gain excess weight in the first trimester of pregnancy usually gain more than desired weight until the end of pregnancy.
: Which laboratory tests should be performed?
. Dr. Murat Taşdemir:Urine test during pregnancy, blood group determination, blood count for the detection of anemia, Hepatitis B, Rubella (rubella), syphilis (syphilis) toxoplasmosis, herpes and so on. Tests investigating certain infections, such as