After the first six months, breast milk is not enough for a developing baby to complete its development. During this period, additional nutrients and formulas should be used in addition to breast milk. Additional nutrients provide the nutrients and energy needed to complete your baby's development. Dietitian Ibrahim Kalkım this week in our article series discusses the issue of baby nutrition after the 6th month.
Feeding Your Baby After 6 Months
Additional Foods for Your Baby
Your baby's transition to additional nutrients when breast milk is not enough, begins at the end of the first six months. As an additional nutrient you can prepare your baby, milk, yogurt, eggs, vegetables can be prepared in accordance with the appropriate nutrients, or you can choose the appropriate form of food for your baby for your baby.
Dietician Attempt, "the food formula of children's food" baby and infant is prepared for the purpose of feeding and selling the food mixture is defined as. "
• To meet the nutritional requirements of infants and children,
• Does not cause digestive disorders,
• The absence of pathogenic microorganisms has been determined as legal conditions. ”
Foods are divided into adapted foods, semi-adapted foods, continuation foods and spoon foods, ready-to-eat foods.
Adapted formula is a bottle formula which is adapted to the nutrients of the baby during the first 4-6 months of life according to the newborn physiology. Dietitian features the following features:
• The composition is made close to breast milk in terms of quality and quantity.
• Must be in accordance with the physiology of the newborn.
• Such food for use immediately after birth should not only meet the baby's needs, but should also be well tolerated by the baby.
• It should contain LACTOSE as in carbohydrate source as in breast milk. This ensures that the taste is close to breast milk.
• Starches and sucrose should be present in the adapted formulas because of the difficulty of digestion and because it will remove the baby from breast milk due to taste.
• Food should not be acidified or contain substances called koyu growth factors ya or thickeners.
• The amount of protein, sodium, potassium and chlorine must be balanced. Kidney solute load should be low. Low renal solute load protects the baby against dehydration and other complications and relieves the pressure on the baby's kidneys.
• Food should be isotonic and should not contain much minerals. High mineral content affects the balance of body fluids.
• Oils should meet half of the total energy and contain vegetable oil.
• It should contain linoleic acid, which is one of the essential fatty acids.
• Whey / casein ratio in protein structure should be 60/40 as in breast milk.
• It should comply with ESPGAN and international standards with the amount of vitamins, minerals and energy.
They are satisfying foods that provide adequate and balanced nutrition which can be used in cases where the initial formula is inadequate in babies who are desired to gain an appetite and optimal weight and can be used as of the 2nd month if the babies do not get breast milk. They are also used as transition food when switching from adaptive to continuation.
• Foods that are used in infants who start to eat additional foods after the 6th month.
• They are enriched with iron because the risk of iron deficiency anemia increases at these ages.
• It should contain high iron, calcium, vitamin D and vitamin C which are effective in providing iron absorption compared to cow's milk.
• Contains Avitaminine precursor ß-carotene, which has an antioxidant effect that is important for the maintenance of tissue functions and healthy cells.
• It must contain essential amino acids.
Spoon Foods, Prepared Supplementary Foods
In the transition period from the end of the 6th month to the supplementary foods, spoon foods are the foods given by adding to the daily diets of the babies. Fruits, vegetables, cereals, milk or mixed ones are available
• High protein proteins and plant proteins,
• Easy to digest vegetable oils,
• It should contain carbohydrates and sucrose minimized milk minerals with high biological value.
• Calcium and iron supplements should be made.
• As it is enriched with vitamins and minerals, losses that may occur during preparation are minimized.
• It should not contain artificial sweeteners, flavors and additives.
• Easily prepared by adding water.
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